Document Type : Original Article


Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi, India


INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is characterized by a rapid phase of growth and development
during which the requirement of nutrition and micronutrients is relatively high. Although there is a
decreasing trend in the prevalence of undernutrition among adolescents, the current prevalence
of undernutrition is still very high (41.9%). Adolescents with good nutrition knowledge are more
likely to follow healthy eating habits. In the light of this, the current study was planned to assess the
baseline nutrition‑related knowledge of adolescent girls and the effectiveness of nutrition education
material (flipchart) in increasing their nutrition‑related knowledge.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school‑based interventional study was conducted among adolescent
girls of class 9th of a school in an urban slum of Delhi. A structured pretested Knowledge Assessment
Questionnaire consisting of 10 multiple‑choice questions in Hindi with a maximum score of 10 was
used. The intervention was a nutrition education session conducted by doctors of Community Health
department using specially designed flipcharts covering important aspects of nutrition relevant for
adolescent girls. A demonstration of food items and charts and flex material was also given. The
total sample size was 265 adolescent girls.
RESULTS: Baseline knowledge as assessed by mean pretest score was poor (3.698 ± 1.81).
The students’ baseline knowledge was significantly associated with mother’s educational
status (P = 0.024). There was a significant increase (mean difference was 1.7890 ± 0.1434) in the
nutrition‑related knowledge of the participants after the intervention (P < 0.001). The proportion of
students who improved, i.e., 147 (55.47%) was more than proportion who deteriorated (25 [9.43%])
after the educational session. This difference was found to be statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Nutrition knowledge was found poor among school‑going adolescent girls, which
significantly improved after the nutrition education session.


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