Document Type : Original Article


School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is one of the most critical factors for chronic diseases such as
cardiovascular disease, stroke, arrhythmias, heart failure, and renal disease. The aim of this study
was to evaluate the quality of life and its related factors in hypertensive patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was descriptive research. The sampling method was
simple random, i.e., 137 were selected among the ten health centers of the list of the existing patients
by simple random sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire World Health Organization
Quality of Life-BREF (Short Form-26). After collecting the questionnaires, the data analysis was
carried out using SPSS software and using statistical methods (e.g., number, percentage, mean,
standard deviation, and MANOVA tests).
RESULTS: The results showed that the mean score for the physical domain (52.82), the psychological
domain (50.26), the social domain (48.33), the environmental domain (46.1), and the total quality of life
(49.60). Among the demographic variables, the education level variable (P =0.000), job (P = 0.013),
and the duration of hypertension (P = 0.039) were significantly correlated with the quality of life of
patients. The “levels of education” variables are significantly correlated with the physical domain
(P = 0.000), psychological domain (P = 0.000), social domain (P = 0.000), and environmental domain
(P = 0.000) of the quality of life. The “job status” variable is only significantly correlated with the social
domain of the quality of life (P = 0.005). The “duration of hypertension” variable is only significantly
associated with the physical domain of the quality of life (P = 0.011).
CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study show that demographic variables such as
educational level, occupation, and duration of hypertension have a significant relationship with the
quality of life domains of hypertensive patients. It is recommended that the principled education of
patients is a step toward the improvement of the quality of life of patients.


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