Document Type : Original Article



INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is one of the major health threats in the world today. The purpose
of this study was to find the relationship between hypertension with irrational health belief and health
locus of controls.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current work is a descriptive (case–control) study. One hundred
patients with hypertension and 100 healthy individuals were included in the study through available
sampling method. The Irrational Health Belief Scale and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control
questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed using independent t‑test and logistic regression.
RESULTS: The findings showed a significant relationship between the variables of irrational health
beliefs and the external health locus of control in hypertension. For a unit increase in an irrational
health belief score, the chance of having high blood pressure increases by 6%, and for a unit increase
in the score of external health locus of control, there is a 17% higher chance of having hypertension.
The independent t‑test of irrational health belief also showed a statistically significant difference
between the two groups (P < 0.01). There was also a statistically significant difference regarding
the health locus of control in the two groups of hypertension and healthy individuals in the subscale
of chance control (P < 0.01) and external locus of control (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: The results of this study make it necessary to identify irrational health beliefs as
well as the health locus of control in individuals. Modification of these structures can be useful in the
prevention and management of this chronic disease.


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