1 Department of Health in Emergency and Disasters, School of Health Management and Information Science, Iran University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Nursing, School of School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Fire buildings is considered as one of the most common and the most devastating disasters and
emergencies. Saving school buildings against incidents such as fire is very important since students
are so vulnerable to incidents especially fire. The most school classes were devoid of safety
conditions and oil‑burning heaters were used. Such a condition has increased the risk of disaster
and is considered as a serious menace for students’ lives. The present study conducted with aim of
review the Health, Safety and Education Measures for Fire in Schools. To this purpose, we selected
suitable keywords some articles published in Scientific Information Database of PubMed, Web of
Science, Scopus, and ProQuest were searched. The search was limited to reviewed articles in English
and Persian language published between 1970 and 2019, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Furthermore, the selected articles were reviewed for relevant citations. The reviewing of articles was
conducted by two member of research team independently. The primary search found 194 relevant
studies. After eliminating the duplicates and articles which were not related to the review of the abstract,
51 references were identified for inclusion. Finally, 13 articles were selected after screening and
evaluated by two authors to final review main factors and dimensions of schools’ health, safety and
education include the rules and laws, allocating sufficient budgets, education the teachers, students
and their families, exercise, risk analysis, intersectional relations, fire extinguishing equipment, early
warning system, and also optimization and reformation of heating system. Applying these new
approaches prevents disasters and increases the level of preparedness in case of fire occurrence.


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