1 Department of Educational Administration, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Educational Administration, Islamic Azad University, Shabstar Branch, Shabestsr, Iran


Educational policymaking is a kind of public policy that is done in order to achieve the goals of the
educational system in fields areas such as education and students’ health. The purpose of this study
was to determine the components of educational policymaking model in education. The method of
the present study is systematic review. This is done using the SPIDER framework. The statistical
population of the study included all related Persian and English articles published in the years
2010–2021 consisting of 98 articles that are indexed in ScienceDirect, Sage, Springer, Wiley, Eric,
and PMC English language databases and SID, Irandoc, and Magiran Persian language databases.
The research sample included 52 articles selected in the article screening stage. The number of
Persian language references was 12 and English language references was 40. Sterberg thematic
analysis was used for coding the selected texts of articles. Results of coding the selected texts of
the articles showed that the components of the educational policymaking model are included in 11
themes: quiddity of policy and public policy, educational policy’s necessity, quiddity of educational
policy, process of educational policy, consequences, factors, obstacles, stakeholders, evaluation
criteria, and change in educational policies. Paying attention to all the dimensions and factors
interacting in educational policy can lead to better education and improve the quality of education in
all dimensions, especially in the field of health education.


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