Document Type : Original Article


1 Iran University of Medical Sciences

2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Centre, Department of Adult Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

4 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Centre, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


BACKGROUND: Incivility is one of the significant challenges that affect nursing education. Uncivil
behaviors have a significant upward trend compared to the past in nursing education. This study
was conducted to explore academic incivility from the perspective of nursing students and faculty.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in 2021 using a descriptive qualitative
method. Fifteen baccalaureate nursing students and six faculty were selected using purposeful
sampling method. Data was collected through in‑depth semi‑structured interviews, and a qualitative
content analysis was applied for data analysis.
RESULTS: Data analysis revealed four categories, namely, ineffective teaching–learning, inapposite/
unreasonable requests, behaviors disrupting mutually respectful environment, and academic
dishonesty, and 14 subcategories.
CONCLUSION: To reduce incivility, closer attention needs to be paid to the admission of faculty as
well as training them to use effective communication techniques and interactive teaching methods.
In addition, nursing students must be provided with the training about uncivil behaviors. Furthermore,
clear and precise rules and regulations concerning incivility incidence should be developed and
implemented in the universities.


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