Document Type : Original Article
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
Department of Kindergarten, College of Education, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, KSA
Department of Curriculum and Teaching Methods of Physical Education, Mansoura University, Egypt
BACKGROUND: Online learning is the newest and most popular form of distance education today;
within the past decade it has had a major impact on education. The aim of the present study was to
know the effect of online learning basketball using social media on learners’ performance of some
fundamental skills in basketball and determine difference between online learning and in‑person
learning, knowing which one is better than the other.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present experimental study was conducted in Sports Academy
for Basketball in Zagazig‑Egypt during March–April 2022. Thirty two female junior basketball players
volunteered to participate in the study from Sports Academy for Basketball (age: 16.23 ± 0.66 years;
body height: 164.5 ± 3.32 cm; body mass: 65.25 ± 3.22 kg). They were divided into two equally sized
experimental groups, online learning (ONL) group (n = 16) and in‑person learning (INL) group (n = 16),
to perform (15) educational sessions for (5) weeks, (3) sessions per week, and the session time
was 90 minutes. Junior basketball players were assessed before and after five‑week training period.
Data were collected by Basketball Passing test, Dribbling Skill test, Lay Up Shoot test, Speed Spot
Shooting, and Free‑Throw Shooting test. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 22
software using the descriptive statistical test. The level of significance was set at P ≤0.05.
RESULTS: The results showed that the two groups made significant improvements in all variables but
INL group had significantly greater improvements than ONL group. The percentage of improvement
ranged from 13% to 223% for INL group versus 8% to 158% for ONL group.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that in‑person basketball learning was better than online learning
basketball. Therefore, teachers and trainers must rely primarily on in‑person learning and not rely
on distance learning, especially with regard to learning motor skills, except in emergency cases.
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