Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier, Morocco

2 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tangier, Morocco Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Tangier Tetouan Al Hoceima, Tangier, Morocco


BACKGROUND: Due to the COVID‑19 pandemic, online learning has become the main method of
instruction. This study aimed to evaluate Moroccan medical students’ perceptions of medical online
learning experience and to list its probable related advantages and barriers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross‑sectional study on 400 medical students randomly selected
from the different national medical institutions was conducted. A questionnaire evaluating the online
learning experience during the pandemic was distributed via institutional e‑mails. Statistical analyses
were carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).
RESULTS: 51.2% of students were satisfied with the online learning experience and reported several
benefits including no need to travel (35.8%), cost savings (20.7%), and flexibility of home studying
(32.3%). Technical issues related to the use of platforms or internet connection, limited interaction
between students and their instructors, and lack of motivation were the major barriers to online learning.
Moreover, results also showed a significant difference when comparing the attendance frequency between
presential classes and online learning (i.e., before vs. during the COVID‑19 pandemic) (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The experience of medical online learning was reported in our study to be associated
to several advantages and disadvantages. Hence, students’ perceptions should be considered
to evaluate and improve the quality of this instructional method for a successful and more active
approaches implementation.


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