Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Psycholinguistics, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences

3 Department of Education, Ilam Province, Ilam, Iran


BACKGROUND: The importance of spirituality and spiritual growth in humans has been increasingly
taken to attention by psychologists and mental health professionals. In this study, we aimed to
investigate the relationship between the tendency to aggression and individual resilience also
considering the role of mediator of spirituality in academic students by path analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross‑sectional study was conducted using structural equation
method (SEM). The target population consisted all of undergraduate academic students in Ilam, Iran
University of Applied Sciences, in 2018. Participants included 200 people whom were selected by
stratified random sampling. Data collection tools were demographic, Buss and Perry aggression,
spirituality assessment, and resiliency of Connor and Davidson questionnaire. In this study, bivariate
analysis was used to determine the directionality correlation between the study variables.
RESULTS: The results showed that there was a significant and positive correlation between
spirituality and resilience (r = 154% r = 83%). Furthermore, there was a negative and nonsignificant
relationship between aggression with resiliency (r = −122% P = 101). In addition, there was no
significant correlation between the aggression and spirituality (r = 0.05%, P = 0.942). The results of
SEM showed that spirituality and aggression can predict about 20% of the variations in the degree
of resilience in academic students. Accordingly, the results of SEM spirituality in an indirect path
reduce the aggression and thus increase the resilience (r = 0.102).
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed the effect of spirituality on increasing the level of
resilience and also positive mediator role of spirituality between aggression and resiliency.


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