Document Type : Original Article


1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Health Education, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Educational Neuroscience Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran


INTRODUCTION: The hospitals are a stressful environment for employees, especially nurses. Stress
and other health problems may lead to occupational burnout and reduction of nurses’ efficiency.
The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence training on health
promotion of nurses in Sabzevar Hospitals.
METHODOLOGY: The current study is a field trial with a random control group. The sample
group was 135 nurses of Sabzevar Hospitals. They were then divided randomly into experimental
and control groups. First, all of the samples answered the questionnaire of personal information,
Bar‑On Emotional Intelligence, and General Health Questionnaire. The first group (intervention)
was trained by giving the speech, and the second group (control) did not receive any intervention
about the subject of the study. The experimental group was then trained for the components
of emotional intelligence and answered the questionnaire again. The significance level was
considered as P < 0.05.
RESULTS: The results showed that the distribution of qualitative variables in the study was similar
and also the scores of emotional intelligence and the dependent variables after intervention in the
intervention group had a significant and inverse relationship, meaning that the score of emotional
intelligence decreased with the score of general health score. This could be significant in comparison
to the two groups. Findings showed that emotional intelligence at the beginning of the study in
the intervention and control groups were 35.03 ± 32 and 30.89 ± 33, respectively, and after the
intervention, it was 29.68 ± 35 and 42.89 ± 34, respectively. Total general health was 19.76 ± 84 and
18.77 ± 77 in the case group before intervention and 14.55 ± 56 in the case group and 17.68 ± 52
in the control group, respectively (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Findings indicated the significant mutual effect of emotional intelligence changes
and general health variables. It means as the score of emotional intelligence gets more, health score
decreases and the rate of general health increases.


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