Document Type : Original Article


Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Mental health is very important during pregnancy, and perfectionism, body image,
and eating disorder are three important factors in mental health. Given that eating disorders are very
dangerous in pregnancy, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between perfectionism
and body image with eating disorder in pregnancy.
METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 200 pregnant women referred to Isfahan Health
Centers in 2017. The research units, if met the inclusion criteria, completed the Eating Attitudes
Questionnaire, Multidimensional Relationships of their Body Questionnaire, and Perfectionism
Questionnaire. Finally, the data were analyzed by SPSS software version 22, with a significance
level of 0.05.
RESULTS: The results showed that there was a significant negative relationship between positive
perfectionism with symptoms of eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, and nervous longing to eat.
There was a significant positive correlation between negative perfectionism with symptoms of eating
disorder, anorexia nervosa, and nervous longing to eat. The results also showed a significant negative
relationship between body image and its dimensions with symptoms of eating disorder, anorexia
nervosa, and neurasthenia.
CONCLUSION: Perfectionism and body image and its dimensions are psychological problems related
to eating disorder in pregnancy. For this reason, it seems that taking classes for pregnant women
and their spouses can reduce the incidence of this disorder.


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