Document Type : Original Article


1 Iranian Research Center of HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High‑Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

2 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences

3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran


BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a kind of behavioral disease in that
adopting behavioral changes is the only way to control and stop the epidemic. The aim of this study
is to investigate the effect of education base on the health belief model (HBM) on health‑seeking
behavior among HIV‑positive women.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a paralleled, randomized controlled clinical trial done
with control group among HIV‑positive women who were registered at the voluntary and counseling
testing center of Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran. Data were gathered by using information obtained
from the Motivation‑Skill‑Behavior questionnaire and demographic data. The women were divided by
permuted block and were randomized into two groups. Interventional group participated in six HBM
educational classes and used routine counseling guidelines, but the control group used only routine
counseling protocol. Data were collected before, immediately after, and 3 weeks after interference
among all participants. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software version 16.
RESULTS: According to the results and statistical test, before intervention, the mean score of
knowledge was not significantly different in the two groups, but after intervention in the interventional
group, test result and follow‑up increased statistically significantly (P = 0.000). Both groups had
increased mean score of knowledge, and there is significant trend in level of knowledge(interventional
group 20.79 ± 1.88, control group: 17.36 ±2.44) and there was a significant increase in mean attitude
follow‑up score (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: According to the result of the present study, counseling base on HBM by trained
educator can increase information‑motivation‑skill‑behavior among women living with HIV.


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