Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Care Management, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Orthopedic, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

3 Department of Health Economics and Management, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

4 Department of Anesthesia and Operating Room Technology, School of Allied Medical, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

5 Department of Anesthesia, Amir Alam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of delay in the operation and counseling
on postoperative complications and mortality rates in elderly patients.
METHODOLOGY: The present study was a descriptive cross‑sectional research. Population of this
study was the entire elderly hospitalized patients who aged over 55 years for emergency orthopedic
surgeries in a teaching hospital in Tehran. Surgery delays were then determined after examining the
checklists, and the relationship between the variables and surgery delays, number of preoperative
counseling, complications, and mortality rate was evaluated. Data were analyzed using the Mann–
Whitney U‑test and Pearson correlation coefficient in SPSS 18 at a 0.05 significance level.
RESULTS: Overall, 89.9% of the patients had counseling. The average hospitalization days were
5 days until surgery, and the standard deviation was 0.50. The mean counseling number was 5.5.
The relationship between number of counseling and surgical delays was significant. Delay in surgery
in this age group, mortality, and the chances of death have become 2.7 times more than who had not
a surgical delay. No significant relationship was observed between surgery delay and the incidence
of Deep Venous Thrombosis (P = 0.102), postoperative sepsis and Myocardial Infarction (P = 0.337),
embolism (P = 0.505), and postoperative Cerebrovascular Accident (P = 0.153).
CONCLUSIONS: The delay in surgery in the elderly causes an increase in mortality. Considering
the findings of this study and the importance of emergency orthopedic surgeries in the elderly, to
reduce the surgical delays and the mortality rate in the elderly, the establishment of a surgical team
for elderly patients in hospitals is recommended.


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