Document Type : Original Article


Department of Public Health Dentistry, H. P. Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India


BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is an increasing health problem in India. Screening for early detection
should lead to a reduction in mortality from the disease. Majority of the population, especially in rural
areas, contact health‑care system through primary health‑care workers.
AIM: To know the knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and methods for its early detection among
the primary health‑care workers in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross‑sectional study questionnaire study was
conducted among primary health‑care workers (both males and females) in Shimla district,
Himachal Pradesh. The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16. The statistical
tests used were t‑test, ANOVA, and Fisher’s exact test. P = 0.05 was considered statistically
RESULTS: Out of a total of 120 patients, there were 46 males (38.3%) and 74 females (61.7%).
The mean age of the population was 48.5 ± 5.3 years, with a range of 25 and 57 years. The mean
knowledge score percent of the present population was 71.04 ± 18.3. The mean knowledge score
was higher among males (73.9 ± 19.8) as compared to females (69.2 ± 17.2). Approximately 43.3%
of the participants had very good knowledge about risk factors followed by 31.7% having excellent
knowledge, 20% having good knowledge, and 5% having poor knowledge.
CONCLUSION: The overall mean knowledge percent about breast cancers among primary
health‑care workers in this study was very good, slightly higher among males and postgraduates,
but to make it universal, reinforcement of educational programs can be planned for them.


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