Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the integration of traditional
medicine into each country’s health systems by formulating and implementing national policies and
laws in accordance with the country’s own situation. This study aims to examine and analyze the
national laws and regulations in Iran concerning the integration of traditional medicine into the health
system of the country based on the WHO definition.
METHODS: Policy document analysis was performed through content analysis according to the
WHO components for the integration of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM ) into health
systems. All government and state websites were explored to locate policy‑associated documents
and laws. Only documents were ultimately included in the study that had been approved by a senior
official of a ministry.
RESULTS: Nine policy documents related to T&CM were found. In these documents, reference
was made to the availability of education (26 cases), regulation (20 cases), availability of therapies
(17 cases), research (15 cases), and insurance coverage (7 items).
CONCLUSIONS: While policies and laws on the integration of T&CM in Iran have been formulated,
this research showed that these policies have been implemented slowly or, in cases, not implemented
at all. The government and the Ministry of Health and Medical Education need to take measures in
this regard after they have evaluated the policies and programs. Given the tendency of the Iranian
people to T&CM , the insurance of T&CM and the development of clinics and hospitals should be


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