Document Type : Original Article



BACKGROUND: Iranian universities optimistically can be regarded as second‑generation
research‑centered universities which train people who can only fill the predefined occupational
gaps. These universities are doing very little to become third‑generation universities. It seems that
medical science universities have a huge capacity to create and expand entrepreneurship in health
care because of their diverse activities in health services. The present study aimed to investigate the
effective factors affecting the Iranian medical universities transition to third‑generation universities.
METHODS: The present study is a qualitative study which was carried out in Kerman University of
Medical Sciences. The study population was the faculty members of Kerman University of Medical
Sciences who had been selected by purposeful sampling method. For this purpose, 13 faculty
members of Kerman University of Medical Sciences who were interested in the topic were interviewed.
To collect data, a number of general questions were asked from the participants to clarify specific
topics. The interviews lasted between 20 and 45 min. The descriptive phenomenology method was
used for data analysis based on the Colaizzi’s seven steps.
RESULTS: In the present study, five main themes include; reforming the bureaucracy, paying attention
to the empowerment of university personnel, improving the status of graduates, reviewing the status
of education and research, and connecting with the industry and making a profit were identified.
CONCLUSION: We can use strategies such as reduction of bureaucracy, privatization, reduction
of management pyramid, culture building, creation of appropriate reward system, and taking a role
model from successful people.


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