Document Type : Original Article


1 Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

4 Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

6 Department of Social Welfare Management, Social Welfare Management Research Centre, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

7 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran


BACKGROUND: Social resources help to adapt to stress and might positively affect the well‑being
of individuals with severe conditions like human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency
syndrome (HIV/AIDS). The present study investigates the effect of social support, social capital, and
coping in a positive state of mind of Iranian older people with HIV/AIDS.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross‑sectional study was conducted on 160 older people with
HIV referred to AIDS clinics in Tehran in 2019. Samples were randomly selected from patients aged
50 years and older. Data were collected using a questionnaire, a positive state of mind, social capital,
coping, social support, and a checklist of demographical variables. Data analysis was performed
using SPSS software version 21.
RESULTS: A significant positive correlation was found between social support, social capital, coping,
education, and a positive state of mind. A significant negative correlation was also found between
age, several chronic diseases of the patient, and a positive state of mind. The linear regression results
showed that social support, social capital, coping, and education improved the positive state of mind.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, we believe that social and psychological interventions
effectively enhance patients’ positive state of mind with HIV and ultimately, improve their quality of life.


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