Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Computer Studies, College of Computer Studies, Silliman University

2 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Silliman University, Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, Philippines


BACKGROUND: The integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in education
has been a major agenda of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and its adoption has been
found effective in nursing education.
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify and review existing literature on ICT integration in nursing
education within the context of Southeast Asia and to identify the themes of these studies, ICT tools
of concern and the research methods adopted.
METHODOLOGY: A systematic review of six eligible literatures was conducted with thematic analysis.
The data for this systematic review of literature are from published studies based on the formulated
research question. Electronic databases of Medline, Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL, Mendeley, and
Google Scholar were searched and literatures retrieved and screened for eligibility. No date limit was
considered in the literature search. This systematic review utilized the Preferred Reporting Items for
Systematic Reviews and Meta‑Analyses.
RESULTS: The studies originated from the Philippines (n = 3), Malaysia (n = 2), and Singapore (n = 1).
One study originated from both the Philippines and Thailand. Four themes emerged from the thematic
analysis which include: (1) use of ICT to enhance teaching and learning in nursing, (2) challenges with
ICT integration in nursing education, (3) attitude and perceptions toward ICT integration in nursing
education, and (4) suggestions for improvement. The most important ICT tools were computers,
projectors, and internet. Majority of the studies were descriptive quantitative studies.
CONCLUSION: Despite increasing concern on the use of ICT in Southeast Asia, ICT integration
in nursing education has not been given significant attention. Governments of the Southeast Asian
countries should provide sufficient support for ICT integration in the various nursing institutions.
Institutional administrators are encouraged to key into the ICT trend and render their support when
and where necessary.


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