Document Type : Original Article


1 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


BACKGROUND: Education in vulnerable communities can be a health affordable strategy to
promote patient empowerment. Recognition and understanding the problems of diabetes education
are of significance to overcome the barriers and advance the educational and care services to
control diabetes and promotion of society health. The aim of this study was to explore participants’
perspectives, experiences, and preferences, regarding diabetes education problems.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive, qualitative study was conducted from March 2016 to
September 2017. The participants were 23 people including nine patients with diabetes and their family
members and 14 members of diabetes healthcare team (physicians, nurses, and nutritionists). The
data were collected through individual semi‑structured interviews and analyzed through conventional
content analysis approach proposed by Graneheim and Lundman. Some main categories and
subcategories emerged.
RESULTS: Three main categories showed the most prominent problems of diabetes education,
namely, inadequate infrastructure for diabetes education, insufficient defined and de facto position
for the role of diabetes nurse educator, and the failure in patient‑oriented team approach in diabetes
CONCLUSION: This article addresses the most important problems of diabetes education. The
fundamental strategy to overcome these problems seems to be the planning and management of
diabetes education as a high priority in the noncommunicable disease management policies of the
Ministry of Health and Medical Education.


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