Document Type : Original Article


1 Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


BACKGROUND: Today, the scope of dental activities is a broad range from the needs assessment
for epidemiological studies to the implementation of comprehensive programs for the prevention of
oral diseases at various levels of the society. This study aimed to identify and prioritize the need
researches in the field of oral and dental health in a dental hospital in Tehran, Iran.
METHODS: This applied research was a mixed methods study carried out in Tehran, Iran, in
2018. The data gathering tool included a data collection form used for reviewing the documents,
a semi‑structured interview, and an open questionnaire. MAXQDA 10.0, Expert Choice 11.0, and
Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) software were used for
analyzing the collected data.
RESULTS: After analyzing the results of the qualitative phase, 171 research topics in 6 areas
were obtained, including 44 topics in “dental clinical care and treatment,” 37 topics in “health and
prevention,” 19 topics in “education and health promotion,” 37 topics in “management of dental care
delivery,” 16 topics in “policy and its requirements,” and 18 topics in “dentistry materials, equipment
and technologies.”
CONCLUSION: According to the results, it can be recommended that the research resources should
be allocated based on the priorities identified by the present study so that the studied hospital has
the highest dynamic performance in achieving its goals and objectives.


  1. Whelton H, Fox C. Advances in the prevention of oral disease;
    the role of the international association for dental research. BMC
    Oral Health 2015;15 Suppl 1:S8.
    2. Rahmati‑Najarkolaei F, Rahnama P, Fesharaki M, Yahaghi H,
    Yaghoubi M. Eterminants of dental health behaviors of Iranian
    students based on the health belief model (HBM). Shiraz E Med
    J 2016;17:7‑8.
    3. Salehimehr G, Nobahar S, Hosseini‑Zijoud S, Yari S. Comparison
    of physical & chemical properties of angelus mta and new
    endodontic restorative material. J Appl Pharm Sci 2014;4:105‑9.
    4. Kumar S, Gupta A, Dixit A, Solanki K, Balasubramanyam G,
    Duraiswamy P, et al. Factors that effect dental caries status
    of medical students in Udaipur city, India. Int J Dent Hyg
    5. Shirinbak I, Basir Shabestari B, Mokhtari H. Assessment of dental
    treatment needs in chemically veterans in Zanjan, Iran. J Mil Med
    6. Tong D, Dawson J, Love R. Factors affecting oral health status in
    an elderly military veteran population in New Zealand. J Mil Vet
    Health 2010;18:12‑7.
    7. Vahedian‑Azimi A, Alhani F, Goharimogaddam K, Madani S,
    NaderiA, HajiesmaeiliM. Effect of family‑centered empowerment
    model on the quality of life in patients with myocardial infarction:
    A clinical trial study. J Nurs Educ 2015;4:8‑22.
    8. Nilchian F, Skini M, Jabbarifar SE, Soheilipour Sh. Identification of
    educational needs to promote oral health from the standpoint of
    patients referring to Shariati dental clinic in Isfahan: A qualitative
    research. J Isfahan Dent Sch 2012;5:790‑7
  2. 9. Shabestari SB, Shirinbak I, Azadarmaki R. A comprehensive
    look at oromaxillofacial and laryngopharyngeal cancers. Cancer
    Genetics and Psychotherapy. Cham: Springer; 2017. p. 531‑87.
    10. Bahadori M, Izadi M, Karamali M, Teymourzadeh E. Research
    priorities in a military health organization using multi‑criteria
    decision making technique. J Mil Med 2014;16:34‑77.
    11. Bahadori M, Teimourzadeh E, Farzaneh A, Nejati M. Prioritizing
    research needs: Insights from a healthcare organization in Iran.
    Arch Pharm Pract 2011;2:135‑40.
    12. Jones B, Lightfoot A, De Marco M, Isler MR, Ammerman A,
    Nelson D, et al. Community‑responsive research priorities: Health
    research infrastructure. Prog Community Health Partnersh
    13. Ramelet AS, Gill F; ACCCN Paediatric Intensive Care Special
    Interest Group. A delphi study on national PICU nursing
    research priorities in Australia and New Zealand. Aust Crit Care
    14. Bader J, Ismali A, Clarkson J. Evidence‑based dentistry and the
    dental research community. J Dent Res 1999;78:1480‑3.
    15. Estai S, Bunt Y, Kanagasingam M. Tennant, Dental research:
    Quality and sustainability. Br Dent J 2017;222:323.
    16. Oakley M, Vieira AR. The endangered clinical teacher scholar:
    Will this eliminate discovery from the dental school environment?
    J Dent Res 2008;87:200‑2.
    17. Celeste RK, Broadbent JM, Moyses SJ. Half‑century of dental
    public health research: Bibliometric analysis of world scientific
    trends. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2016;44:557‑63.
    18. Kolahi A, Sohrabi M, Abdollahi M, Soori H. Setting research
    priority in Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences:
    Methods, challenges, limitations. Pejouhandeh 2010;15:143‑51.
    19. Chalmers I, Bracken MB, Djulbegovic B, Garattini S, Grant J,
    Gülmezoglu AM, et al. How to increase value and reduce waste
    when research priorities are set. Lancet 2014;383:156‑65.
    20. Chalmers I, Glasziou P. Avoidable waste in the production and
    reporting of research evidence. Lancet 2009;374:86‑9.
    21. Dechartres A, Ravaud P. Better prioritization to increase research
    value and decrease waste. BMC Med 2015;13:244.
    22. Forrest JL, Spolarich AE. A delphi study to update the American
    dental hygienists’ national dental hygiene research agenda. J Dent
    Hyg 2009;83:18‑32.
    23. Ghaffar A. Setting research priorities by applying the combined
    approach matrix. Indian J Med Res 2009;129:368‑75.
    24. Sibbald SL, Singer PA, Upshur R, Martin DK. Priority setting:
    What constitutes success? A conceptual framework for successful
    priority setting. BMC Health Serv Res 2009;9:43.
    25. Bahadori M, Ravangard R, Farzaneh A, Hakimzadeh S. Research
    needs assessment in the health insurance organization: Level of
    health care provider. Electron Physician 2009;3:436‑41.
    26. Ajjawi R, Barton KL, Dennis AA, Rees CE. Developing a national
    dental education research strategy: Priorities, barriers and
    enablers. BMJ Open 2017;7:e013129.
    27. Dennis AA, Cleland JA, Johnston P, Ker JS, Lough M, Rees CE,
    et al. Exploring stakeholders’ views of medical education research
    priorities: A national survey. Med Educ 2014;48:1078‑91.
    28. Hodges BD, Albert M, Arweiler D, Akseer S, Bandiera G, Byrne N,
    et al. The future of medical education: A Canadian environmental
    scan. Med Educ 2011;45:95‑106.
    29. Wilkinson TJ, Weller JM, McKimm J, O’Connor BJ, Pinnock RE,
    Poole PJ, et al. Programmatic research in medical education:
    A national collaboration. N Z Med J 2010;123:24‑33.
    30. Palmer N, Batchelor P. Informing research in primary dental care:
    Setting priorities. Prim Dent Care 2006;13:85‑90.
    31. Bahadori M, Babaei M, Mehrabian F. Prioritization of factors
    influencing job motivation in employees of a military center using
    analytical hierarchy process (AHP). J Mil Med 2013;14:1‑8.
    32. Bahadori M, Ibrahimipour H, Farzaneh A. The challenges of
    supervision on providing health services from the viewpoint of
    the insurer: A qualitative study. Int J Collaborative Res Intern
    Med Pub Health 2012;4:1673‑85.
    33. Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content
    analysis. Qual Health Res 2005;15:1277‑88.
    34. Wang J, Fan K, Wang W. Integration of fuzzy AHP and FPP with
    topsis methodology for aeroengine health assessment. Expert Syst
    Appl 2010;37:8516‑26.
    35. Lin C, Tsai M. Location choice for direct foreign investment in
    new hospitals in China by using ANP and TOPSIS. Qual Quant
    36. Akhavan Moghadam J, Alishiri G, Lak M, Ghodarzi H, Madani SJ,
    Zarei A, Sohrabi A, et al. Need assessment and priority setting
    of strategic researches for scientific development of a medical
    faculty. J Mil Med 2017;19:91‑8.
    37. Karimi G, Damari B, Gharabaghian A, Rahbari M, Vafaeean V,
    Salemi E. Assessment and research prioritiesof the Iranian blood
    organization research center. Sci J Iran Blood Transfus Organ
    38. Gupta K, Sleezer C, Russ‑Eft D. A practical Guide to Needs
    Assessment. San Francisco: Wiley; 2007.
    39. Malekafzali H, Eftekhari MB, Peykari, N, Sadat Gholami F,
    Djalali nia Sh, Owlia P, et al. Research assessment of iranian
    medical universities, an experience from a developing country.
    Iran J Public Health 2009;38:47‑9.
    40. Hung HL, Altschuld JW, Lee YF. Methodological and conceptual
    issues confronting a cross‑country delphi study of educational
    program evaluation. Eval Program Plann 2008;31:191‑8.
    41. Montibeller G, Franco A, Lord E, Liglesias A. Struturing resource
    allocation decisions: A frameworke for buildingmulti‑criteria
    portfolio models with area‑grouped option. Eur J Oper Res
    42. Haghgoo R, Rasouli R. Evaluation of dental complaints in tehran
    medical council between 2005 and 2012. J Dent Med Tehran Univ
    Med Sci 2016;29:144‑50.
    43. Akbari M, Makarem A, Hosseini F, Fazel A. Evaluation of oral
    health status and dental need assessment in narcotic drug abusers.
    J Mash Dent Sch 2015;39:191‑200.
    44. Lee C, Chen M, Powell M. Organisational change to health
    promoting hospitals: A review of the literature. Springer Sci Rev
    45. Mohebbi S, Esfandiyar M. The effect of the theoretical course of
    community oral health on the oral health prevention knowledge,
    attitude and self‑reported practice in dental school students at
    tehran university of medical sciences. J Dent Med Tehran Univ
    Med Sci 2012;24:245‑51.
    46. Soheilipour S, Saied‑Moallemi Z, Ahmadi M. Evaluation of the
    mass media coverage of oral health‑related issues in Iran in
    2011‑2012. J Isfahan Dent Sch 2014;10:262‑75.
    47. Daryazadeh S, Jafari A, Kuhpayehzadeh J, Shajari J. Evaluation of
    restorative treatment need in dental services: Based on community
    needs running title: Evaluation of restorative treatment need in
    dental services. Q J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci 2014;21:416‑23.
    48. Kopycka‑Kedzierawski DT, Meyerowitz C, Litaker MS,
    Chonowski S, Heft MW, Gordan VV, et al. Management of dentin
    hypersensitivity by national dental practice‑based research
    network practitioners: Results from a questionnaire administered
    prior to initiation of a clinical study on this topic. BMC Oral Health
    49. Dziedzic K, Zubrzycka‑Wróbel J, Józwik J, Barszcz B, Siwak P,
    Chałas R. Research on tribiological properties of dental composite
    material. Adv Sci Technol Res J 2016;10:144‑9.
    50. Miran S, Mitsiadis TA, Pagella P. Innovative dental stem cell‑based
    research approaches: The future of dentistry. Stem Cells Int