Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Disasters and Emergencies Health Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Iran University of Medical Sciences

2 MSc Anesthesia, PhD Medical Education, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Disasters and emergencies have been increasing all over the world. Todays, with technological
advancement, acquiring knowledge and its application in the realm of action is regarded as the only
effective way for prevent disasters or reducing its effects. The present study aimed to review the
importance of education and the effect of different methods of education on disaster risk reduction
and preparedness in vulnerable people. To this aim, some articles indexed in Database of PubMed,
Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, Science Direct, and ProQuest were searched. The
search was limited to reviewed articles in English published between 1990 and 2017. In addition, the
selected articles were reviewed for relevant citations. The conducted studies were reviewed by two
researchers independently. The primary search generated 128 relevant references. After eliminating
the duplicates and articles which were not related to the review of the abstract, 41 references were
identified for inclusion. After reviewing more, 31 references, which failed to meet inclusion index,
were excluded from the study. Disaster education aims to provide knowledge among individuals
and groups to take actions to reduce their vulnerability to disasters. During the last decades, the
issue that trained people can be prepared for disasters and responding well has been extensively
investigated. Based on the results, disaster education is a functional, operational, and cost‑effective
tool for risk management. Based on some evidence, it is important for vulnerable people to learn
about disasters. There are different methods to educate vulnerable people, but no method is better
than others. Trained people can better protect themselves and others. In this regard, planning and
designing comprehensive educational programs are necessary for people to face disasters.


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