Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to show the effect of public health educational
campaign regarding antibiotic use and microbial resistance on knowledge, attitude, and practice of
people in Isfahan.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi‑experimental study was conducted in October 2019 on
the public population in Isfahan (a city in the center of Iran). Simple random sampling was done in ten
urban areas.). A total of 708 people participated in the study. For assessing the knowledge, attitude,
and practice a related researchers‑made questionnaire was used in the present study. Finally, data
were entered into SPSS (20) and analytical statistics including paired t‑test were used. The statistical
significance level was considered <0.05.
RESULTS: The majority of participants in this study were female 434 (61.9%) and the rest of them
were male. The mean ± standard deviation of age was 31.68 (11.11), range of 11–67. More than
50 present of participants had a Bachelor’s degree (37.7%) and diploma (27.7%). Most individuals
were self‑employed 277 (43.1%). About the type of marriage, 54.89% were single and others
were married. Results showed that the mean of knowledge and attitude was increased after the
intervention (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Increase knowledge between people, adherence to treatment and minimizes
healthcare costs, however, “antibiotics are misused so often because of the belief that these are
benign drugs. In the absence of urgent corrective and protective actions, the world is heading towards
a postantibiotic era, in which many common infections will no longer have a cure and once again,
kill unabated.


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