Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Educational Psychology, School of Education and Psychology and Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, School of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran,

3 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran


Behavioral and emotional problems are the most common form of child psychiatric pathology.
Parenting styles are one of the factors affecting the formation of children’s personality and the use of
inefficient styles can lead to several negative consequences such as behavioral problems. The aim
of the present article is to describe a variety of parenting styles and their relationship with children
behavioral problems. The present study reviews a variety of parenting styles including Kazdin’s Parent
Management Education Model, Barclay’s Parent Training Program, Adler and Dreikurs Approach,
and Positive Parenting Program. Finally, based on reality theory, parenting is neglected to be one
of those styles. Therefore, it is imperative to do a research based on reality theory with existential
psychotherapy and with the view that everyone chooses to behave, external pressure is always an
imposition, the children learn from their mistakes, and everyone is responsible for his own happiness.


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