Document Type : Original Article



INTRODUCTION: Iodine is an essential element for thyroid function; it is necessary in minute amounts
for normal growth, development, and well‑being of all humans. There is gap in the utilization of
adequately iodized salt in the rural areas due to nonavailability, poverty, poor knowledge of iodine
deficiency diseases, and faulty storage practices.
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to find out knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) regarding iodized
salt consumption and association of sociodemographic factors, if any, among rural women of Tripura.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community‑based study was conducted among 270 rural women
residing at Madhupur village, Tripura. A self‑made pretested schedule (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.7) was
used as the study tool to collect information on KAP regarding iodized salt consumption.
RESULTS: Majority of the participants belonged to 31–40 years (30.4%), with a mean age of
38.6 (±13.8) years; all were predominantly Hindus (90.4%). Knowledge and attitude regarding
iodized salt consumption were significantly associated with age groups ≤36 years, literacy, and
general caste (P < 0.05), but practice was not significant (P > 0.05). Good knowledge and attitude
regarding use of iodized packed salt were less than half (46.7% and 41.1%, respectively), but higher
level (83.3%) of correct practice was found (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The existing knowledge and attitude of participants toward iodized salt usage were
less, but majority were consuming iodized salt without knowing its benefits. Hence, there is a need to
educate rural people through nutrition education or knowledge, with active participation of grassroot
level workers in generating awareness about the health benefits of consuming adequately iodized salt.


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