Document Type : Original Article



BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure performed in an emergency
when the heart stops. Early initiation of CPR can save many lives. Thus, the aim of the present
study was to assess the level of awareness toward CPR in a community‑based study in
Northern Saudi Arabia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross‑sectional survey conducted in the city of Hail,
Northern Saudi Arabia. Data about CPR were obtained from 442 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Hail.
RESULTS: A family history of ischemic heart disease was indicated in 148/442 (33.5%) of the
participants. On asking the participants whether they have previous information about CPR, about
258/442 (58.4%) persons indicated “Yes,” 118/442 (26.6%) replied “May be,” and the remaining
66/442 (15%) replied “No.”
CONCLUSION: The study showed a high level of awareness about CPR, which might be attributed to
the majority of highly educated participants. Effective and sustainable public CPR training programs
are needed to be implemented to preserve better knowledge and awareness of CPR in the general


1. World Health Organization. Cardiovascular 2018. Available
cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds). [Last accessed on 2018 Nov 22].
2. Sciammarella JC, Patel PH. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. In:
StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; January,
2018. Available from:
NBK470402/. [Last updated on 2017 Nov 18].
3. Simmes FM, Schoonhoven L, Mintjes J, Fikkers BG,
van der Hoeven JG. Incidence of cardiac arrests and unexpected
deaths in surgical patients before and after implementation of a
rapid response system. Ann Intensive Care 2012;2:20.
4. Vindigni SM, Lessing JN, Carlbom DJ. Hospital resuscitation
teams: A review of the risks to the healthcare worker. J Intensive
Care 2017;5:59.
5. Rajeswaran L, Cox M, Moeng S, Tsima BM. Assessment of nurses’
cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills within three district hospitals in Botswana. Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med
6. Ong EH. Improving the quality of CPR in the community.
Singapore Med J 2011;52:586‑91.
7. Kalaf H, AlMesned A, Soomro T, Lasheen W, Ewid M,
Al‑Mohaimeed AA, et al. Cardiovascular disease risk profile
among young Saudi women of al‑Qassim, Saudi Arabia:
A cross‑sectional study. Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2016;10:29‑37.
8. Al‑Zoughool M, Al‑Ahmari H, Khan A. Patterns of physical
activity and the risk of coronary heart disease: A Pilot study. Int
J Environ Res Public Health 2018;15. pii: E778.
9. Safarova MS, Bailey KR, Kullo IJ. Association of a family history
of coronary heart disease with initiation of statin therapy in
individuals at intermediate risk: Post hoc analysis of a randomized
clinical trial. JAMA Cardiol 2016;1:364‑6.
10. M Alquaiz A, R Siddiqui A, H Qureshi R, A Fouda M, A
Almuneef M, A Habib F, et al. Women health in Saudi Arabia:
A review of non‑communicable diseases and their risk factors.
Pak J Med Sci 2014;30:422‑31.
11. Bhatnagar V, Jinjil K, Dwivedi D, Verma R, Tandon U.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Unusual techniques for unusual
situations. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2018;11:31‑7.
12. Hwang SO, Chung SP, Song KJ, Kim H, Rho TH, Park KN,
et al. Part 1. The update process and highlights: 2015 Korean
guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Clin Exp Emerg
Med 2016;3:S1‑9.
13. Al‑Turkistani HK. Awareness and knowledge of pediatric
cardio‑ pulmonary resuscitation in the community of al‑Khobar
city. J Family Community Med 2014;21:125‑9.
14. Al‑Mohaissen MA. Knowledge and attitudes towards basic life
support among health students at a Saudi women’s university.
Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2017;17:e59‑65.
15. Al‑Shamiri HM, Al‑Maweri SA, Shugaa‑Addin B, Alaizari NA,
Hunaish A. Awareness of basic life support among Saudi dental
students and interns. Eur J Dent 2017;11:521‑5.
16. Bosley JC, Zhao NW, Hill S, Shofer FS, Asch DA, Becker LB, et al.
Decoding twitter: Surveillance and trends for cardiac arrest and
resuscitation communication. Resuscitation 2013;84:206‑12.
17. Blewer AL, Ibrahim SA, Leary M, Dutwin D, McNally B,
Anderson ML, et al. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training
disparities in the United States. J Am Heart Assoc 2017;6.
pii: e006124.
18. Özbilgin Ş, Akan M, Hancı V, Aygün C, Kuvaki B. Evaluation
of public awareness, knowledge and attitudes about
cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Report of İzmir. Turk J
Anaesthesiol Reanim 2015;43:396‑405.