Document Type : Original Article


Health Information Technology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


AIM AND BACKGROUND: Women are among vulnerable groups and susceptible to mental
health problems during any disaster. Therefore, the current study aims to identify the mental health
information needs of women during disasters.
METHODS: This is a qualitative study carried out using content analysis method through
semi‑structured interviews with 27 participants in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, and Mashhad during the
year 2018.
RESULTS: The summary of the findings indicated 8 components and 25 subcomponents for health
information needs of women during disasters. These information needs included primary needs and
secondary needs such as psychological, social, cultural, support and rescue, policy‑making, media
coverage, and environmental needs.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study can be used by authorities and policy‑makers during
disasters and rescue efforts for the female population and can help improve the general health
status of the society.


1. Wang W, Yu N. Coping with a new health culture: Acculturation
and online health information seeking among Chinese immigrants
in the United States. J Immigr Minor Health 2015;17:1427‑35.
2. Sabzevari S, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Negahban Bonabi T. Sources
of women’s health information: A qualitative study. J Qual Res
Health Sci 2015;3:349‑62.
3. Shultz JM, Neria Y, Allen A, Espinel Z. Psychological impacts
of natural disasters. In: Bobrowsky PT. editors, Encyclopedia
of Natural Hazards. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series.
Dordrecht: Springer; 2013. [Doi: 10.1007/978‑1‑4020‑4399‑4_279].
4. Corrarino JE. Disaster‑related mental health needs of women and
children. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2008;33:242‑8.
5. Forouzan AS, Baradarn Eftekhari M, Falahat K, Dejman M,
Heidari N, Habibi E. Psychosocial needs assessment among
earthquake survivors in lorestan province with an emphasis on
the vulnerable groups. Glob J Health Sci 2013;5:79‑84.
6. Shooshtari S, Abedi MR, Bahrami M, Samouei R. Empowerment
of women and mental health improvement with a preventive
approach. J Educ Health Promot 2018;7:31.
7. Bolhari J, Chime N. Mental health intervention in Bam earthquake
crisis: A qualitative study. Tehran Univ Med J 2007;65:7‑13.
8. Parsizade F, Eskandari M. The study of capabilities and needs of
women in crisis situations. J Seismol Earthq Eng 2013;16:59‑72.
9. Budhathoki SS, Bhattachan M, Castro‑Sánchez E, Sagtani RA,
RayamajhiRB, Rai P, et al. Menstrual hygiene management among
women and adolescent girls in the aftermath of the earthquake
in Nepal. BMC Womens Health 2018;18:33.
10. Bahman Janbe F, Ordibeheshti Khiaban M, Kohan SH. Qualitative
study of female gender roles in the earthquake. J Women Fam
Stud 2017;9:7‑34.
11. Mahoney J, Chandra V, Gambheera H, De Silva T, Suveendran T.
Responding to the mental health and psychosocial needs of the
people of Sri Lanka in disasters. Int Rev Psychiatry 2006;18:593‑7.
12. Becker SM. Psychosocial care for women survivors of the tsunami
disaster in India. Am J Public Health 2009;99:654‑8.
13. Sezgin AU, Punamäki RL. Perceived changes in social relations
after earthquake trauma among Eastern Anatolian women:
Associated factors and mental health consequences. Stress Health
14. Ardalan A, Sohrabizadeh S, Latifi MF, Rajaei MH, Asadi A,
Mirbeigi S, et al. Responding to physical and psychological
health impacts of disasters: Case study of the Iranian disaster
rehabilitation plan. East Mediterr Health J 2016;22:212‑8.
15. Mohammadi M, Sapidnameh Z, Ebadollah Amoghin J.
Information needs of nomadic women of Kohkilouyeh City. Hum
Inf Interact 2016;2:79‑87.
16. Wang MP, Viswanath K, Lam TH, Wang X, Chan SS. Social
determinants of health information seeking among Chinese adults
in Hong Kong. PLoS One 2013;8:e73049.
17. Reczek C, Umberson D. Gender, health behavior, and intimate
relationships: Lesbian, gay, and straight contexts. Soc Sci Med