Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Community Medicine, IQ City Medical College, Durgapur

2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Thiruvarur Medical College, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India

3 Department of Community Medicine, Midnapore Medical College, Midnapore,

4 Department of Maternal and Child Health, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal


BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important treatable public health problem both globally and in
India with an increasing prevalence significantly in both urban and rural population. It is one of the
leading causes of adult mortality and morbidity, but poorly controlled hypertension remains a major
health problem.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to find out awareness, treatment, and control
of hypertension among study population and association of hypertension awareness with
sociodemographic factors, if any.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted from May 2013 to April 2014 in the rural
community of Singur block, West Bengal. Data were collected with respect to sociodemographic
characteristics as well as records related to hypertension such as awareness, treatment, and control
of hypertension. Blood pressure (BP) measurement of individuals aged 20 years and above of both
sexes was done. Pearson’s Chi‑square test was performed to find out the association between the
categorical variables. SPSS 19.00 software was used for analysis.
RESULTS: Nearly 48.2% of the participants were aware of their elevated BP; 47.1% of the participants
were taking pharmacological treatment, mostly allopathic and only 8.8% had their BP under control.
A  statistically significant association was found between age, education, and socioeconomic
status (per capita income) with awareness of hypertension.
CONCLUSION: Lack of awareness of the disease and very low rate of control of hypertension
among those who were treated became the major issues. These findings emphasize the need for
dissemination of knowledge about the disease and counseling of the patients during treatment


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