Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychiatry, Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, University of Shahid Chamran Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Department of Psychology, University of Shahid Chamran Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran,

5 Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran


BACKGROUND: Assessing various therapeutic methods with the intention to decrease the problems
relevant to abused children is of high significance. Accordingly, the present study seeks to compare
the effectiveness of trauma‑focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF.CBT) with an emphasis on
the theory of mind on posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies in abused children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi‑randomized clinical trial study was done on 39 abused
children who referred to welfare organization centers in Ahvaz – Iran. After randomized allocation,
the TF. CBT and theory of mind method were implemented for two groups. Before and after the
interventions, posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies were assessed with using
Kilmer’s posttraumatic growth inventory and Garnefski emotional regulation questionnaire.
RESULTS: The study findings indicated that the mean of the posttraumatic growth and adaptive
and maladaptive emotional regulation strategies in the TF.CBT group was significantly higher than
that of other study groups (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: TF.CBT can lead to increased levels of posttraumatic growth and improve emotional
regulation strategies in abused children. Theory of mind method can also be effective in improving
emotional regulation strategies.


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