Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, Research Center for Non Communicable Diseases, PhD of Nursing Nursing Faculty, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran,

2 Department of Nursing, Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics, Instructor of Nursing School, Tehran Medical University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Pediatric Nursing and Midwifery Factually, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Self‑management leads to blood glucose control and reduced morbidity and
mortality in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Different factors affect the self‑management whose
role and effect are still unknown. Among the influential factors whose effect is vague are spiritual
intelligence, and this study aims to investigate the predictive role of spiritual intelligence in diabetes
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive‑correlation study, 200 adolescents with type 1
diabetes were enrolled. To measure spiritual intelligence, the 24‑question SISRI questionnaire and
to measure self‑management of diabetes, the SMOD‑A questionnaire (48 questions) were used.
Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 18 using linear regression analysis tests. Data
collection was conducted by simple sampling.
RESULTS: Mean score of self‑management of diabetes and spirituality was 86.1 ± 15.1 and
60.42 ± 12.9, respectively. Linear regression test (ANOVA: 0.002, F = 9.839) showed effect on
diabetes self‑management (β: 0.218).
CONCLUSION: This study showed that spiritual intelligence can predict diabetes self‑management,
though poorly predicted, and by strengthening it, has a decisive role in improving the health of
adolescents with diabetes. Considering the findings of this study, a new window of nurses’ performance
in managing diabetes based on the promotion of spiritual intelligence in the educational, care,
counseling, and support roles of nursing science can be opened.


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