Document Type : Original Article


Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran


CONTEXT: Individuals with social well‑being can cope more successfully with major problems of
social roles. Due to the social nature of human life, it cannot be ignored to pay attention the social
aspect of health.
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify variables that predict the social well‑being of medical
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive‑analytical study was conducted on 489 medical science
students of Gilan Province, the North of Iran, during May to September 2016.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The samples were selected using quota sampling method. Research
instrument was a questionnaire consisting of two parts: demographic section and Keyes social
well‑being questionnaire.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 19 and
with descriptive and inferential statistics (t‑test, ANOVA, and linear regression).
RESULTS: The results showed that majority of the students had average social well‑being.
Furthermore, a significant relationship between the academic degree (P = 0.009),
major (P = 0.0001), the interest and field’s satisfaction (P = 0.0001), and social well‑being was
seen. The results of linear regression model showed that four variables (academic degree, major,
group membership, and the interest and field’s satisfaction) were significantly associated with
the social well‑being (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate that the different effects of the demographic factors on
social well‑being and the need for further consideration of these factors are obvious. Thus, health
and education authorities are advised to pay attention students’ academic degree, major, group
membership, and the interest and field’s satisfaction to upgrade and maintain the level of their social


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