Document Type : Original Article



Introduction: Ecstasy consumption has increased 70% worldwide, and its use is currently
outweighed heroin and cocaine. Conducted survey found that students more than other
groups used ecstasy pills. Ecstasy usage has recently augmented in students. Therefore,
this study aims to determine practice of Isfahan University of Medical Science students
about using ecstasy based on health belief model in 2011. Materials and Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted on 267 students of Isfahan University of Medical Science.
Data were collected by a validated and reliable questionnaire in 3 parts (demographic
information, H.B.M constructs, and practice). To analyze, SPSS software (ver.18) and statistical
test including T-Test and Kruskal-Wallis were used. Results: The mean score of age was
20.95 ± 1.61 years, and 39.3% of men and 90.6% of women were single. 2.2% of students
have used ecstasy pills. The mean score of H.B.M constructs was perceived susceptibility
(72.75 ± 19.68), perceived severity (84.58 ± 16.98), and perceived benefits (80.43 ± 23.49).
The finding presented that there was significant differences between the using ecstasy and
perceived severity and perceived benefits (P ≤ 0.001), but there was no significant statistical
relationship between the using ecstasy and perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers
(P = 0.076, P = 0.554). In terms of cues to action, students suggested that radio and TV are
most significance cues. Conclusion: According to results, to prevent ecstasy usage among
Isfahan University of Medical Science students based on health belief model, we should
improve perceived susceptibility. Besides, radio and TV rules as the most important cues
should not also be denied. Moreover, newly identified susceptibility indicates the need for
quantitative research and behavioral trials.


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