Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing & Midwifery Faculty

2 Department of Pediatrics, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan

3 School of Public Health, Shahr-e-Kord University of Medical Sciences, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran


Background: Asthma is the most prevalent disease during childhood, known as the most important
reason for children’s disability adolescences truancies, thanks to their hospitalization and as a result
intensification of disease symptom. Material and methods: The present study is quasi-experimental
kind, implemented with two groups. Sampling method was straightforward. 80 student’s secondgrade high school students constitute participants. Both groups were homogenized considering
age, gender, education, and parent’s vocation. First of all, a letter agreement was received from
students. Then, the knowledge and accomplishment of students were measured by means of
relevant questionnaire and checklist in advance of educational intervention. In the next step, during
4 sessions, educational content specified beforehand was presented to students via interview,
lecture, group discussion, and display methods. The knowledge and accomplishment of both
groups’ students was measured through questionnaire and checklist. Finally, the data was analyzed
by SPSS 16 and statistical test of t-paired, independent-t, man-Whitney, and ANOVA. Results: The
finding demonstrated that group’s student accomplishment registered 91.8 ± 1.3 while being
2.2 ± 0.6 before holding session. In addition, their knowledge increased significantly, registering
99.6 ± 1.2 while it had measured as 1.3 ± 0.3 before sessions. The results of paired t-test indicated
that the average of difference between knowledge and accomplishment grades of two groups
was significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Regarding the finding of the present study and the fact
that asthma is on the rise resulting in an increase in truancies as well as stressing the efficacy of
training peers suffering from the disease, the implementation of the curriculum could be necessary.


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