Document Type : Original Article


1 1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz

3 Department of pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran


Background and Objective: Depression is one of the most common and specific problems
during pregnancy and after it. Maternal postpartum depression compromises mother’s health
and affects social relationship, and has negative effect on infant development. The aim of
this study was to investigate the prevalence of postpartum depression and its related factors
in Isfahanian mothers. Materials and Methods: This is a cross - sectional study. The study
populations were 133 women who at the last 8-4 weeks of labor referred to Isfahan health
centers. Demographic information and obstetric and Beck Depression Inventory were applied.
Three categories emerged according to the degree of scale: Mild, moderate, and severe
depression. Statistical analysis was used with the Pearson correlation and linear regression
in SPSS version 18. Results: A total of 73 mothers had mild depression (10-19) and 56 had
moderate depressions (20-29). Among the factors related to depression such as maternal
education, financial status, unwanted pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome, and maternal
occupational history, there was a significant correlation with postpartum depression (P > 0.05).
Variables in the regression analysis include maternal education, financial status, unwanted
pregnancy, history of premenstrual syndrome, maternal occupation, type of delivery, history
of miscarriage, and having a satisfaction with baby gender. And, a total of 27.7% variance
explains the postpartum depression. Among these factors, the predictive variables of maternal
education, type of delivery, financial condition, unwanted pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome,
and maternal occupational history were significant in the meantime; the prediction of unplanned
pregnancy was more than other variables (ß = 0.24). Conclusions: With attention to factors
associated with postpartum depression, the healthcare planner will help to better manage the
problem. The results of this study will help to better understand the factors influencing mothers
in the labor process, and mothers in the labor
process, experiences minimum mental health


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