Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health

2 Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences


Background: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of stress management
training through cognitive-behavioral techniques on stress, social adaptability and depression
in women with depression disorders. Materials and Methods: In this study, 40 patients
diagnosed with depression who had referred to psychiatry and consultation clinics of Isfahan
were randomly selected and assigned to intervention and control groups (20 patients in each
group). The intervention group received eight 90-min sessions of stress training through
cognitive–behavioral techniques. Data collection tools included Cooper’s stress questionnaire,
Bell’s social adaptability questionnaire and Hamilton’s depression scale questionnaire.
The participants completed the questionnaires before the intervention and 1 month after
the same. Data analysis was performed using covariance analysis. Results: Based on the
results, considering variables of stress, social adaptability and depression, the equal variance
hypothesis was confirmed. The relationship between pre- and post-test scores on stress,
social adaptability and depression was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The modified mean
difference was F = 12.45, P < 0.001 on stress; F = 6.88, P < 0.01 on social adaptability;
and F = 5.36, P < 0.02 on depression, all of which were significant. Conclusion: Stress
management training through cognitive behavioral techniques can play a main role in
depression reduction and development of social adaptability through modifying inappropriate
social information-processing patterns.


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