Document Type : Original Article


Department of Yoga and Management Studies and Chancellor, S‑VYASA University, Bangalore, India


Background: A student under optimal stress does bring out his or her best; however, extreme
stress can result in mental health problems and deteriorates their academic performance.
Students who esteem themselves low are most likely to engage in destructive and self‑destructive
behaviors. Moreover, excessive stress is harmful to academic performance and may lead to
dropping out in student. Can Yoga be of benefit in students for improving their attention and
self‑esteem (SE)? Objective: To assess attention and SE in girls undergoing Integrated Yoga
Module (IYM). Materials and Methods: Sixty low‑income high school girls with 15.17 + 0.64 years
of mean age participated in this single group pre‑post study. The data was collected before and
after 5 days of IYM. Statistical Analysis: Means, standard deviations, Kolmogorov‑Smirnov
test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to analyze the data with the help of SPSS 16.
Results: The data analysis showed 9.04% increase (P = 0.001) in SE scores, whereas d2 test for
attention revealed 10.12% increase (P < 0.001) in total number of symbols processed scores and
44.73% decrease (P < 0.001) in total number of errors. Conclusion: The present study suggests
that of IYM can result in improvement of attention and SE among students and thereby enhancing
their mental health and can help them in improving their academic achievement. Efforts aimed
at reducing mental health problems among students may focus more on implementing effective
and culturally acceptable interventions, such as Yoga, counseling, and social support. Additional
well‑designed studies are needed before a strong recommendation can be made.


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