Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Management and Medical Information Science, Isfahan University of Medical Science,

2 Department of Library and Information Sciences, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Management and Medical Information Science, Isfahan University of Medical Science


Introduction: Plagiarism is defined as intentional deceiving or lack of honesty, which deprives
others from both material and spiritual possessions. Ethics is considered as one of the most
important aspects of evaluating the quality of higher education. Moreover, scientific ethics should
be reflected from university values, as a specialized institution, rather than being a reflection of
the others cares. Therefore, the main aim of the present study is explore of expert experiences
about plagiarism in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This study
employed qualitative method with using in‑deep interview. The research participants consisted
of 21, who tend to this work. Semi structure interview were conducted and recorded. The
method of analyzing data was ‘thematic analysis’. The data were transcribed and saved on
computer after each interview. Themes and sub‑themes were extracted. Finally, relevant
sub‑themes were arranged in a category and suggested were presented. Result: Analyzing
data showed 600 primary codes, 40 sub‑themes and 6 themes. The main themes included
repeated works, non‑normative adoption, non‑normative adaptation, shares distribution, forging,
and profit‑seeking, each of which consisted of one or several subgroups. Conclusion: The
findings of this study show that since, there are numerous ways of cheating, the universities’
research committees must create institutions in order to educate the individuals how to avoid
plagiarism. In addition, providing information about different types of scientific violations, as
well as their following punishments might lead to the decrease of such misbehaviors.


1. Available from: http://dictionary.lexis
aspx?typed=plagiarism and type=1. [Last Accessed on 2011 Feb 05].
2. Available from:
MTF (2004). Case study in biomedical research ethics. USA, The
MIT Press; 2004. [Last accessed on 2011 Feb 10].
3. Zaker Salehi GH. Plagiarism: Social and legal. Tehran: Motaleat
Farhangi Va Ejtemaee; 1389.
4. Asghari F. Tilted load will not to the house. Sepid Magazine [persian]
5. Nakhaee N, Najafi pour H, Rouhani A, Raftari Sh, Mobasher M,
Hasani F. Proposed regulation misconduct: A qualitative study.
Steps of developing in medical education. SDME 2011;7:1‑8.
6 Nakhaee N, Nikpour H. The study of medical students working in
deception research thesis and frequency of compiling it. Steps of
developing in medical education SDME 2005;2:10‑7.7 Khaki Sedigh A. An introduction to research ethics and engineering
ethics. Tehran: Khje Nasire Toosi; 2011.
8. Ryan G, Bonanno H. Undergraduate and post graduate pharmacy
students’ perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty. Am J
Pharm Educ 2009;6:23‑37.
9. Mirdehghan M. Plagiarism; prevention and education in research
structure. Engineering Culture Monthly [persian] 2010;33‑34:10‑7.
10. John B. Managing quality in higher education, an international
perspective on institutional assessment and change. Buckingham:
OECD, SRHE and Open University Press; 2000. p. 20‑4.
11. Evers K. Formulating international ethics responsibility and ethics
in science. Colorado; International Council for Science, 2000.
12. CSEP, Perspectives on the professions, Chicago, Illinois institute
of technology, center for the study of ethics in the professions.
Chicago: Chicago, 2006.
13. Ferasatkhah M. Scientific ethics, promotion codes of high
educational: Professional ethics in quality of higher education in
Iran. Ethics in Science and Technology [persian] 2007;1:13‑25.
14. Kenny D. Student plagiarism and professional practice. Nurse Educ
Today 2007;27:14‑8.
15. Sterberg N. Methods of qualitative research in social science. Yazd:
University of Yazd; 2006.
16. Wood MJ. The ethics of writing for publication. Clin Nurs Res
17. Roberts TS. Student plagiarism in an online world: Problems and
solutions Idea group reference. Central Queensland University,
Australia; 2007.
18. Bouville M. Plagiarism: Words and ideas. Sci Eng Ethics
19. Chun‑Hua S. Academic and dishonesty in higher education a nation
wide study in Taiwan. Springer Science; New York, 2006.
20. Pimple KD. Domains of research ethics: A heuristic frame work for
the responsible conduct of research. Sci Eng Ethics 2002;8:191‑205.