Document Type : Original Article


Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: The higher prevalence rate of influenza A among adolescence emphasizes the
importance of preventative strategies among this age group of population. The aim of this study
was to evaluate the preventive behaviors of high school students regarding type A influenza,
in Shahrekord, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 313 high school
students were enrolled. Preventive behaviors of influenza A was evaluated by components of
the Health Belief Model (HBM), using a questionnaire which its reliability was verified through
a pilot study (alpha score 0.8). Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, independent
t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Findings: Mean age of the students was 16.31 years.
Knowledge, perceived severity and perceived barriers were in the modest level among the
students. The highest scores were related to perceived susceptibility (75.4%) and perceived
benefit (55.6%). Mass media was the main source of their information regarding influenza A.
Conclusion: Considering the findings of this study and the relation between HBM components
and the preventive behaviors of students, it seems that using HBM could be useful in improving
preventive behaviors of influenza A among the studied population.


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