Document Type : Original Article


Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Healthy nutrition is very important considering the weight status especially in
children. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between junk foods intake and
weight in 6-7-years old children. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was
carried out in Shahin Shahr and Meymeh, Iran, in 2009. Anthropometrics measures were
done and 24-hour food recall used for dietary information and analyzed with food processor
2 and then compared with dietary reference intakes 2008 (DRI). Findings: 61.1 percent of the
subjects were residing in dormitories and 12.7 percent were marred. Prevalence of overweight
or obesity and abdominal obesity was 6.9 percent and 46.1 percent respectively. Mean (±SD)
systolic blood pressure was 105.2 ± 15.6 mm/Hg and diastolic was 62.2 ± 10.4 mm/Hg.
Totally, 3.9 percent of the subjects had hypertension. The analysis of food intake indicate that
(B12, folate, magnesium, potassium, calcium) with level below the recommended ones, and
(vitamin C, E, pantothenic acid, B1
, B3
, phosphate, zinc) with up levels the recommended
ones, and energy intake, macronutrient, vitamin A, pyridoxine, iron, selenium were in general
appropriate. Conclusion: These results indicated appropriate level of macronutrients intake
and unbalance mainly existed in micronutrients. It is recommended to increase intake important
food groups such as dairy, vegetable, fruit that include good source of micronutrients, and
also it is suggested that need for strategies can improve competence in the area of nutrition.


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