Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University,

2 Department of Special Education, School of Psychology and Education

3 Department of Health Education, School of Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Health Education, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University

5 Department of Demography, School of Social Sciences, Tehran University,


Background: Many researchers believe that adolescents’ problem behaviors are indicators of
a deficiency in social skills. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention
program on reducing problem behaviors in male adolescents. Materials and Methods: In a
preposttest design with randomized control group, 49 students received social skills training(SST).
Follow‑up assessment of outcomes took place 5 months post baseline. The SST program was
administered over the course of 10 weeks (10 sessions of 1 h). The main tools were multiple
problem behaviors index (MPBI) and Social Skills Rating System – student form (SSRS‑S).
The control group (57 students) did not receive any intervention. Intervention effects were
evaluated with t‑test, univariate ANCOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: Significant
difference between groups founded on SSRS at posttest (t = 2.5, P = 0.014) by univariate
ANCOVA. In addition, the findings indicated that variation trend of mean scores of SSRS
in the intervention group was significant (F = 225.3, P < 0.0001). The intervention group
reported Lower levels of MPBI at posttest and follow‑up compared to the control group.
Significant difference between the two groups did not achieved on MPBI scores in the posttest
 after adjusting for the pretest scores; however, this difference was significant at the follow
up (F = 5.3, P = 0.020). Conclusion: The results suggest that SST was effective in improving
social competence and preventing problem behaviors among male adolescent. Future
researches must be examined the role of peer and family.


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