Document Type : Original Article


1 Behavior and Neurosciences Center

2 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Student Research Committee,

4 Hormozgan Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences


Introduction: Suicide is committed by a person himself or herself and whether conscious
or semiconscious it is aimed to end one`s life. This action is not committed inadvertently or
incongruously. However, it could be related to one`s unmet needs and feelings of despair. Studies
on the prevalence of suicide are related to environmental and seasonal circumstances. As there
are diverse populations in Bandar Abbas of different races due to its geographical position, and as
its weather condition is different from the other parts of country there is no study with this regard.
Hence, the aim of this research is to investigate the correlations between and among demographical
variables and suicide in different seasons of the year. Materials and Methods: This study is a
cross‑sectional one. Participants included 80 persons who had attempted suicide and were
hospitalized within 2011 in the Ebnesina Hospital of Bandar Abases, Iran. The variables under
investigation are the suicidal patients` demographic characteristics, where, when, and how the
person had committed suicide. All of these data were available in their profiles. These data were
analyzed by using the SSPS software. Results: The results showed that 45% of the suicidal
people were the young and adolescent. Also, 75.5% of these people were single and 22.5% of
them were married. Most suicides occurred in summer, which makes up 41.3% of all the suicidal
people. On the other hand 11.3% of the suicides were committed successfully and 88.7% of them
had been unsuccessful; 42.5% of suicidal people had used drugs and 38.8% of them had used
pesticides to commit suicide — 78.8% of these patients had psychotic disorders and 12.5% of
them suffered from mental disorders such as schizophrenia. Furthermore, a significant relationship
was found between seasons in which suicide was committed, marital status, age, mental illness,
and educational and occupational characteristics of suicidal patients. Conclusion: This study
showed that the most vulnerable people
committing suicide were from among the
young and adolescent. Singles had attempted
suicide more than the married. Most of suicide
attempters had used drugs to commit suicide.
Generally, in the current study, some variables
including season, marital status, age, history
of mental illnesses, and educational and
occupational variables were all associated
with committing suicide.


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