1 Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,

2 Zagros Abshenas Fars Co, Shiraz, Iran

3 Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Department of Dermatology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,

4 Water Research Institute, Shiraz, Iran,

5 Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


INTRODUCTION: Some skin diseases are incurable and modern medicine can only control them. In
addition, alternative treatment remedies including balneotherapy can be effective in improving skin
conditions. However, there are only a limited number of studies on particular mineral or trace elements
of mineral sources that have been identified in Iran. In this respect, the amount of minerals and trace
elements in Mamasani thermal source, Fars Province, Iran, was measured using electrochemical,
titration, and spectrophotometric methods and evaluated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The amount of minerals and trace elements in Mamasani thermal
source, Fars Province, Iran, was measured using electrochemical, titration, and spectrophotometric
RESULTS: The concentrations of natural gases such as H2
S and NO3
 in Mamasani thermal source
were measured to be 22.10 mg/L and 42.79 mg/L, respectively. The source also contained major
ions such as chloride, sulfate, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and carbonate. Due to the
high concentration of chloride, sulfate, and sodium ions in comparison with other major ions, the
water source is also classified as sulfide water. The existing trace elements in this thermal water
source are iron, zinc, copper, selenium, cobalt, chromium, boron, silisium, aluminum, magnesium,
and molybdenum.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that bathing in this source could be beneficial. As nitrate concentration
is close to the highest standard concentration for drinking water, it can be used in chronic dermatitis,
psoriasis, burns, and allergy. Furthermore, the antibacterial and antifungal effects of sulfur‑containing
water in this source can be helpful in the treatment of leg ulcers, tinea versicolor, tinea corporis,
and tinea capitis.


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