1 Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences Research Center, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences,

3 Behavioural Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

4 Department of Cardiology, Sina Heart Hospital, Isfahan, Iran


OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, i.e. in Iran, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most
common and expensive surgeries. This study was designed to explore the demographic and
psychological factors which predict the recovery process in CABG patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a prospective correlational study, 250 CABG patients, in two
public and private hospitals, investigated for indexes of recovery during hospital stay and 4 weeks
after discharge. Demographic and psychological variables were collected through checklist and Farsi
validated and reliable versions of type D personality, the multidimensional scale of perceived social
support, revised illness perception questionnaire (IPQ‑R). Data were analyzed through statistical
tests through SPSS version 20.
RESULTS: Considering the total recovery index, 91.2% of CABG patients have not been recovered
4 weeks after surgery. Furthermore, 99% of them reported high scores of depression and anxiety.
Marital and insurance status, and perceived personal control, showed significant difference between
recovered and unrecovered patients based on total recovery index (P < 0.05); however, in regression
analysis, they did not identify as predictor variables. Age, gender, insurance status, and perceived
personal control were the most frequent variables identified as predictors of recovery indexes,
CONCLUSION: The correlation between depression, anxiety, perceived personal control, and
recovery status among our patients reveals the importance of considering psychological and mood
assessment in developing guidelines for CABG patients. Our findings will assist clinicians for
designing of psychological interventions for promotion of perceived personal and illness control and
better recovery post‑CABG.


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