1 Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

2 Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


BACKGROUND: Training the health personnel about domestic violence would cause them to
investigate and evaluate this issue more than before. Considering the new educational approaches
for transferring knowledge, the goal of this research was to compare the effect of group‑based and
compact disk (CD)‑based training on midwives’ knowledge and attitude toward domestic violence.
METHODS: In this clinical experiment, seventy midwives working at health centers and hospitals
of Isfahan were randomly allocated into two classes of group‑based and CD‑based trainings and
were trained in the fields of recognition, prevention, and management of domestic violence. Data
were collected by questionnaires which were completed by the midwives for evaluation of their
knowledge and attitude.
RESULTS: The mean score of midwives’ knowledge and attitude toward domestic violence had
a meaningful increase after the training (16.1, 46.9) compared to the score of before the training
(12.1, 39.1) in both of the classes (group‑based training: 17.7, 45.4) (CD‑based training: 11.7, 38.6).
No meaningful difference was observed between the two groups regarding midwives’ attitude toward
domestic violence after the intervention; however, regarding their knowledge level, the difference
was statistically meaningful (P = 0.001), and this knowledge increase was more in the CD‑based
training group.
CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the effectiveness of both of the training methods in promoting midwives’
knowledge and attitude about domestic violence, training with CD was more effective in increasing
their knowledge; as a result, considering the benefits of CD‑based training such as cost‑effectiveness
and possibility of use at any time, it is advised to be used in training programs for the health personnel.


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