CONTEXT: Type 2 diabetes is the modern epidemic wherein patient care needs multiple approaches,
education, and self‑awareness being one of them. There are some knowledge, attitude, and
practice (KAP) studies from India but very few relating it with disease control.
AIMS: We tried to study KAP of treated type 2 diabetics and its correlation with glycemic control.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross‑sectional KAP study.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We formulated KAP questionnaires in the form of KAP ‑ 10 points
for each and total 30. We recruited 200 type 2 diabetics (96 males, 104 females) treated by MD
physicians with known current glycemic status. They were asked KAP questionnaires one to
one by a direct interview in local language and results were associated with various factors and
glycemic control.
RESULTS: KAP score on was average 19 out of 30 in type 2 diabetics having mean age 58 years,
mean duration 9 years. KAP score was unaffected by gender, occupation, duration of disease but
significantly affected by current age, and education level. Only 40% patients had good glycemic
control who scored better KAP than poor glycemic. There was positive correlation between KAP
score and glycemic control, with significance for only glycosylated hemoglobin and not fasting blood
sugar, postprandial blood sugar.
CONCLUSIONS: Physician treated type 2 diabetics of our region had moderate KAP score, affected
by age, education which suggested to affect glycemic control. Lacunae in knowledge regarding
incurability of disease, attitudes toward complication, self‑care, and good practices like walking,
enriching knowledge need improvement so as an optimum glycemic control.


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